Few characters in ancient literature have been painted with such consummate skill and insight into human nature as Maharathi Karna, a character which in the past has never been properly understood — has in fact been consistently misunderstood — though the epic has furnished us with details of his life with remarkable fullness, candor and […]
IN the Mahabharata only Arjuna & Krishna’s birth were celebrated by Deva’s, Gandharvas, Apsaras and Rishi’s. Arjuna and Krishna both were part of Hari (Visnhu – Master of Universe) and born in two body but they were one soul together. अर्जुनः फल्गुनो जिष्णुः किरीटी श्वेतवाहनः | बीभत्सुर्विजयः कृष्णः सव्यसाची धनञ्जयः || When Bhima was born, […]
ॐ नमो नारायणाय Om Namo Narayana – Bow Down to Supreme God Narayana and his dearest friend Nara (Arjuna). सत्यव्रतं सत्यपरं त्रिसत्यं सत्यस्य योनिं निहितं च सत्ये । सत्यस्य सत्यमतसत्यनेत्रं सत्यात्मकं त्वां शरणं प्रपन्नाः ।। You are the truth of vow the truth of the Supreme and the truth of the three-foldness [of e.g. […]
Devavrata, the son Ganga and King Satntanu, he was the man who also called as Bhishma (the terrible), he was the observer of vow, he was the follower of Dharma and commitments. He was the undecaying one with white headdress. He had white horses and was clad in white armor. Bhishma was like the rising […]
Post-War Parvas ========================================== “Mahaprasthan” means “the great (last) journey” or the journey of the soul leaving the body. Mahaprasthanik Parva describes the last journey of the Pandavas as they relinquish the royal garbs and take up the great journey to the Himalayas with the ultimate aim to achieve “mukti or Mokasha” or salvation. Background of Mausala […]
Post-War Parvas ====================================== King Yudhishthir decides to perform the Ashwamedha Yagya (अश्वमेध) or “The Horse Sacrifice” to absolve the crimes of war. It is about how Yudhishthir attempts to revive the economy of the shattered kingdom after the destructive war of Kurukshetra. He decided to perform a sacrifice called Ashwamedha. He amassed wealth by mining […]
(Author’s note: I dedicated significant text to the pre-war parvas. The reason is that there are many important events in those parvas that are often ignored by tele-serials, movies and abridged books. I will not detail the war parvas so much as much of it is well known, read and discussed. I will again go into greater depths of the post-war parvas)
The Mahabharat, Book 6: Bhishma Parva (भीष्म पर्व)
The book 6 Bhisma Parva, is the Book of Bhishma. It describes the first part of the great battle, with Bhishma as commander-in-chief for the Kauravas. This is probably one of the most important parvas because it contains a sub-parva known as “Bhagwat Gita Parva” or as you rightly guessed the narration of the Gita, the most sacred book of the Hindus. In this sub-section, the high-souled Vasudev by reasons based on the philosophy of final release drove away Arjun’s compunction springing from the latter’s regard for his kindred (whom he was on the eve of slaying).
Later on, it describes the great depression of Yudhishthira’s army, and also a fierce fight for ten successive days. In this the magnanimous Krishna, attentive to the welfare of Yudhishthira, seeing the loss inflicted (on the Pandava army), descended swiftly from his chariot himself and ran, with dauntless breast, his driving whip in hand, to effect the death of Bhishma. Krishna also smote with piercing words Arjun, the bearer of the Gandiva and the foremost in battle among all wielders of weapons. Finally, the foremost of bowmen, Arjun, placing Shikhandi before him and pierces Bhishma with his sharpest arrows and felled him from his chariot.
Pre-War Parvas ============== The Vana Parva or “The Book of the Forest” (also Aranyaka Parva, Aranya Parva), is the book in the Mahabharat that discusses the twelve-year exile of the Pandavas in the forest. It is one of the longest of the 18 books in the Mahabharat, and contains in it both the story of […]
There are so many characters in the Mahabharata and most of these characters, whether good or evil, were highly accomplished warriors. One of them was Jarasandha, the king of Magadha during the early part of Pandavas and Kauravas. Jarasandha was the son of King Brihadrath of Magadha. Brihadrath had married the twin princesses of Kashi. […]
Dharma Artha Kama and Moksha in reference to Mahabharata Pandavas punished and killed many enemy kings, in two cases on account of complains by rishis, on others variety of issues including also on requests from Dhritrashtra and Bheeshma. (Rishi complains come later but here Dhritrashtra and Bheeshma’s requests are noted.) The shelter of rule of […]