Four Directions – The North (उत्तर)

Narada, the son of Brahma himself continued in Kuru Sabha the story of Galawa and his haughtiness to pay about the preceptor fee. His meeting is with Garuda and how Garuda helped him and Garuda narrated the reason of four Directions with it’s different name and it’s origin.

Garuda narrated how East aka Poorva, tthe first Direction got it’s name and 2nd Direction called South aka Dakshin and west aka Pashchim, the later Direction.

Now, It’s time to know about the North aka Uttar as Answer of all the Directions, and why it was called Uttar or Uttara. The Direction North was completely won by Arjuna aka Nara aka Jishnu in the Rajsuyaka Yajna.

Four Directions – The East (पूर्व)

Four Directions – The South (दक्षिण)

Four Directions – The West (पश्चिम)

Suparna said, “Since one is absolved from sins and obtains supreme welfare, learned ones therefore refer to it as the northern direction (Uttara means north, while uttarana is the act of delvering).

The road to the north is golden and is said to be between the western and eastern directions. The north is the supreme of directions (वरिष्ठायामुत्तरायां).

नासौम्यो नाविधेयात्मा नाधर्म्यो वसते जनः |

People who are not tranquil, have not controlled their souls and are not devoted to dharma cannot dwell there.

अत्र नारायणः कृष्णो जिष्णुश्चैव नरोत्तमः |

बदर्यामाश्रमपदे तथा ब्रह्मा च शाश्वतः ||४||

Krishna Narayana and Jishnu, supreme among men, live there in the hermitage of Badari, as does the eternal Brahma.

Here, on the slopes of the Himalayas, Maheshvara aka Shiva always resides. The moon was instated as the king of the Brahmanas here. When Ganga descended from the sky, Mahadeva held her here and gave her to the world of men. The goddess Uma aka Parvati performed austerities here to obtain Maheshvara (Shiva).

Desire, anger, mountains and Uma were created here. The lord of riches (Kubera) was instated here on Kailasa as the lord of the rakshasas, the yakshas and the gandharvas. This is the beautiful Chaitraratha and the hermitage of the Vaikhanasas.

Mandakini and Mandara are here. There is the forest of Sougandhika (Bhima related stories – will post later), guarded by the Nairittas. There are meadows and groves of plantains and the Santanaka mountains. The Siddhas are here, always controlled. They can roam around as they wish in excellent vimanas and can enjoy them as they wish.

The seven rishis are here and the goddess Arundhati (Vasishtha wife). This is said to be the place of Svati, because it rises here. When a sacrifice was performed, the grandfather determined that this would be Dhruva’s place. The stars, and the moon and the sun, always circle around him.

The great-souled and truthful sages named Dhama protect the gate of Gayantika here. Their origins, shapes, or the strength of their austerities, are not known.

They have created one thousand orbits that can be enjoyed as one desires. Whenever a man penetrates beyond this, he vanishes. No one has ever gone beyond this, except the god Narayana (Krishna) and the undecaying Nara Jishnu (Arjuna). This is the region of Ilavila’s son (Kubera) known as Kailasa. The ten apsaras known as Vidyutprabhas were born here.

When Vishnu strode the three worlds, he placed a foot in the spot known as Vishnupada (Haridwar = Harki Pairi). This is the northern direction.

King Marutta performed a sacrifice here, at Ushirabija, and there is a golden pond there. Jimuta is a great-souled brahmana rishi and the sacred and clear pond of the Himalayas, full of lotuses, waits upon him in person there. Having donated all those great riches to brahmanas, the maharshi left for the forest known as Jimutavana. The guardians of the directions always gather here in the morning and in the evening, loudly wishing to know who desires what.

एवमेषा द्विजश्रेष्ठ गुणैरन्यैर्दिगुत्तरा |

उत्तरेति परिख्याता सर्वकर्मसु चोत्तरा ||२४||

O foremost among brahmanas! This is the northern region, foremost in its qualities. It is known as the north because it is foremost in all deeds.

I have now described the directions to you in detail. I have described all four in due order. Which one do you wish to go to? O foremost among brahmanas! O brahmana! I am ready to show you all the directions and the entire earth. O brahmana! Climb up on me and visit the all Directions.

Shree Hari…

Post Author: Mahabharata World

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