The Real Story of Durvasa visit (BORI)
Part 1 – The Durvasa visit and Krishna
- When did Yudhishthara meet Durvasa?
Yes he did Ten years earlier!!!
Before Lomasha comes to take Pandavas on the teerthyata. Narada had dropped by and recounted long conversations between Pulastya and Bheeshma to Yudhishthara.
The Bheeshma conversations recounted by Narada also happened in large sections of Puranas, these conversations happened at
- Narada comes to Indraprastha at founding – Discussed RajaDharma and DanaDharma.
- Narada comes to Indraprastha before Rajasuya – Discussed Rajadharma and Mokshadharma.
- Narada comes to Yudhishthara at Dwvaita Vana – Discusses ApadhDharma, Teerthayatra, Danadharma and Mokshadharma
- Narada comes to Hastinapur after the war – Discusses Danadharma and Mokshadharma
- Narada comes after Ashrmavasika Parva – Discusses Danadharma and Mokshadharma and Yudhishthara and Galava conversations
- Yudhishthara goes to do tapas after war (maybe after demise of Krishna) – Discusses Mokshdahrma with Galava.
Also Yudhishthara has four major conversations:
- With Nahusha – Discussed Danadharma and Mokshadharma topics.
- Mrgaswapana – Discusses Danadharma topics.
- With the Yaksha – Focus were Danadharma and Mokshadharma
- With Shalya – Focus was Apaddharma topics.
Now, In Shanti and Anushasan Parva the main topics are Rajadharma, Apadhdharma, Mokhsdharma and Danadharma.
Many people have asked about how Anushasana was late addition which is correct. The various discussions regarding the Terthyatra were probably consolidated in Vana Parva and later Markandeya Purana. The various discussions of Yudhishthara and Narada and Bheeshma were consolidated in Shanti and Anushasana Parvas rather than remain in their original locations in six different places.
See initially Vyasa arranged the entire Epic in 108 Parvas, 3 were added by Sootji. Our current editions have 100 Parvas and eight or nine of these are new ones which BORI would like to reject, not the whole Parva, the title of the Parva. So we have about 17 to 20 original Vyas Parvas missing (names and arrangements of those Parvas, slokas too).
The Ten major conversations listed above and the Galava ones would have their own Parvas, only one is extant now. So these would easily account for the majority of missing Parvas. We know we are missing 70 chapters in Mausala Parva which might account for Galava conversations and Narada conversations as well as Dharmarnya Mahamatya. We are also missing many chapters of Krishna’s narration of War to Vasudeva in Ashwamedhika Parva. Other major missing pieces are list of warriors and their family lists in Salya Parva. We are missing Arani Parva, the mined of religion and knowledge.
When the organization was done of current MahaParva style, the 108 were arranged in 14 Mahaparvas. (The older Jaina, Buddhist and other Dharmashastras list 14). Harivamsa was 15th, Naimisharanya was one of other 3 as would be Bhavishyottar and maybe Markandeya. Last three are mostly missing now.
These original 14 Mahaparvas corresponded to 14 Vidyas:
o 4 Vedas: Rik, Yajur, Sama and Atharva
o 6 Vedanga:
1. Shiksha (śikṣā): phonetics, phonology and morphophonology (sandhi)
2. Kalpa (kalpa): ritual
3. Vyakarana (vyākaraṇa): grammar
4. Nirukta (nirukta): etymology
5. Chandas (chandas): meter
6. Jyotisha (jyotiṣa): astronomy
People add remaining four as either 4 UpAngas: Dharmasastra, Nyaya, Mimansa and Itihasa-Purana
(Puranas alone constitute 500,000 stanzas, other three another million by estimate by William Jones and Jerome Alley)
Or Four schools of Philosophy at that time:
Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya and Mimansa.
o Dharma Sastras
But we have the authors and editors so much in love with 18 and thus the four Puranas were excluded and 4 new MahaParvas were designed so number of Mahaparvas are 18.
Read :- Why Always 18?
And the new Four were representation of four UpAVEDAS:
- Ayurveda/Sthapatyaveda or Shilpa Shastras
- Dhanurveda (Now housed inside Agni Purana and Brhat Sarngadhara Paddhati)
(alternate is Medicine – Ayurveda, Music – Gandharvaveda, AstraShastra veda (forms and uses of implementations of war) and Explanation of 64 mechanical arts which more likely)
The Fourteen Mahaparva and Eighteen Mahaparva cycle is also the reflection of rise of sectarianism and represents the four new paths: Saivisam, Vaishnavism, Shaktism and Vedism.
How it affected Mahabharata?
Arani Parva is missing. It was an original Mahaparva as is Aishika which has totally different context and was again dropped. The new ones are Sauptika, Stree, Anushasana, Ashramavasika, Mahaprasthanika and Swargarohana. (This does not mean all the stuff in these 6 Mahaparvas are interpolation, the arrangement was modified. The original 108 Parvas moved around.)
Mahaprasthanika was designed by most likely non-brahamanical editors to change the Heaven to be Trayodasha or sectarian heaven just in case.
Now we know that another set of editors like 21. Parasurama‘s 18 battles become 18 major and 3 minor for 21 battles. Harivamsa was modified to become three Mahaparvas so Mahabharata plus Harivamsha now has 21 Mahaparvas!!
Yes there is a variant of Mahabharata which is replete with 21 also!!!
Back to Yudhishthara and Narada in Vana Parva:
ऋषिमुख्याः सदा यत्र वाल्मीकिस्त्वथ काश्यपः
आत्रेयस्त्वथ कौण्डिन्यो विश्वामित्रोऽथ गौतमः
असितो देवलश्चैव मार्कण्डेयोऽथ गालवः
भरद्वाजो वसिष्ठश्च मुनिरुद्दालकस्तथा
शौनकः सह पुत्रेण व्यासश्च जपतां वरः
दुर्वासाश्च मुनिश्रेष्ठो गालवश्च महातपाः
एते ऋषिवराः सर्वे त्वत्प्रतीक्षास्तपोधनाः
एभिः सह महाराज तीर्थान्येतान्यनुव्रज
एष वै लोमशो नाम देवर्षिरमितद्युतिः
समेष्यति त्वया चैव तेन सार्धमनुव्रज
Pulastya finishes his Sampurna Teertha Mahamatya or सर्वतीर्थार्थसंश्रितम्
Then Narada states, “O King, Chief among Rishis like Valmiki, Kasyapa, Atreya, Kundjathara or Kaundinya, Visvamitra, Gautam, Asita, Devala, Markandeya, Galava, Bharadwaja, Vashishtha, Uddalaka Muni, Saunaka, Vyas and his SONS!, Durvasa and Mahatapa Galava (Jabali) all these Sages are eagerly waiting for you to visit them.
Great Lomasha is coming and he will guide you on this journey to visit these. I will also accompany you on the journey.”
Saying this Narada praised Yudhishthara for few slokas and then vanishes. (Meaning he will return with Lomasha.)
So Dhaumya, Narada and Lomasha were the three Rishis with them in the travels. (The Mahabharata we have does not mention Narada specifically in the coming travels!).
Yudhishthara goes to visit among others
- Agastya southern Ashrama
- Parasurama southern ashrama
- Chyavana story (There are several Chyavanas and this one is a close cousin, descendent from Panchala and Gautama lines)
- They visit Panchala
- Then fight demons in Kurukshetra and Yamuna vasatiya country (inside Hastinapur kingdom)
- RAIBHYA Ashrama then
- Parasurama Northern ashrama
- Nara Narayana ashrama
- Arishtashena ashrama
- Ajagara and then return to Kamyaka
So, they should have met these –
- Valmiki, Kasyapa, Kaundinya, Visvamitra, Gautam, Asita, devala, Markandeya, Galava, Bhardawaja, Vashishtha, Uddalaka, Saunaka (who was their companion so his father is intended here), Durvasa and Jabali and Makanaka.
They are only described meeting with
- Vyas and his sons (Yamuna vasatiya region) and
- Makanaka whose sons are anyway accompanying them.
So the section of Vrihidrona after the Ghosha yatra should come in a missing section then it makes sense that they meet Vyasa and then Durvasa, bunch of other like Bharadwaja, Atri, Markandeya as well. As per Puranas and Dakshinatya, there is big discussion on Puranas at this point also.
Then Pandavas should also meet:
- Vamadeva, Baka Muni, Indradyuman and Narrijangha, Uttanka, Kaushika, Dharmavyadha, or kaushika Dhrmavyadha, Angira, atharva angira, Visvamitra, Mudgala, and Durvasa again.
The meetings and stories of 16 rishis and details of their stories and interactions are among the missing parts of the Epic, the missing Parvas.
As such the Vana Parva had grown to 13000 verses and all these stories plus Narada discussions would make for one humongous mass of material separating Sabha and Virata parva and later editors parked it elsewhere or edited it out altogether.
Pranshu B. Saxena